Jacobs' Solar Heated Pool
MINNESOTA - Dennis Jacobs embarked on a challenging project by covering unglazed vortex panels (usually recommended for warmer climate zones) with a polycarbonate enclosure for year-round pool heating in a colder climate (zone 6 - 7). Read his story below.
The house is located in Northern Minnesota at 46 degree N. latitude. It is super insulated
(12" walls with 30" of insulation in the ceiling) with good southern exposure and an
attached pool area (46'x36') with a 22,000 gal. pool. The pool was primarily designed
for energy storage with recreational use as a side. For the past 15 years we have
heated the pool with an outdoor wood water heater and the plan was to store the energy
in the pool and use a water to air heat pump to remove the heat energy from the pool
and use it for space and water heating. This past year we decided to do the second
phase of our energy efficient design, construct the solar collector and hook up the heat
We started installing the collector around the middle of Sept. It was designed with an
extra large size (40' x 12' of collector area) and set a higher angle (about 70 degrees)
for greater efficiency in the winter. Because of my limited time I hired someone to both
replace old shingles on the house and pool area, and install the framework for the
collector. We had the unglazed collector up and operating by the middle of October.
Tested it out extensively to check for leaks and how fast it drained once the system shut
off. I was extremely impressed that it increased pool temperature by around 3 degrees
in one day in the middle of Oct. I did however add another vacuum break on the return
line to increase the rate of drainage and to make sure drainage was complete. We then
installed the framework for the solar panels and the glazing. Each panel is a 4' x 12' sheet of
corrugated poly carbonate. I insulated with 6" of fiberglass insulation behind the
collector and on the top and sides.
On a chilly -20º day, the water in the solar collectors reached 110 degrees!
Back of collector
Collector installed below roof extension. The extension had to have a steeper angle
that the original roof line because of the size and steeper angle of the collector.
We are now installing a heat pump to remove heat from the pool and use that heat in
space heating and water heating for the house. We had to switch from chlorine
disinfecting the pool to the copper-silver ion/UV disinfecting because of chlorine effects
on the copper in the heat pump. We should have done this years ago for health
We hope to have everything hooked up after New Years (2010) for extensive testing in
late winter and spring. So far we are quite impressed with the collector. Even in the
short December, 0 degree days of northern Minnesota, on perfectly clear days we have
reached temperatures of 140 degrees in the collector. On hazy days it will still reach
100 degrees. This helps maintain and even increase the pool temperature.
The cost of the system is broken down below:
|10 panel kit of 4x12 Vortex panels with automatic controls
|10 4x12 clear corrugated poly carbonated panels
|Sealants and screws
Pool water distribution system
It is designed so only the filter system can be connected, the filter with the
solar collector connected, and/or the filter and the outside wood water heater connected. Each can be
disconnected separately for maintenance. The control boxes above are for solar collector operation and
copper-silver ion/UV pool disinfectant operation.
Water to air heat pump - in the process of being installed.
The water from the pool will be
connected to the front It will go through a heat exchanger where the working fluid (R22) will draw heat
from the pool water and vaporize, go into the heat exchanger in the plenum above, condense and give up
its heat to the air passing through the exchanger into the house. The heat that remains in the fluid is
passed to the house hot water system, through water lines also connected to the front of the heat pump,
from the preheating tank in the hot water line for the house, thereby heating the water for the house. The
structure above the heat pump is the electric back-up furnace.
Below are pictures of the pool area. It is enclosed in an super insulated wall
and ceiling structure designed for water energy storage in the pool and below floor
storage with air ducts in sand below the cement floor. Hot water is pumped into the pool
from the solar collector and the wood water heater behind the house and hot air will be
pumped into the duct work beneath the floor from the green house to be built in front of
the pool area.
The pool is normally covered with a solar cover to prevent the house from becoming too
humid. If it gets too dry we open up a part of the cover.
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